Swords found in Britain

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Swords found in Britain
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Swords

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Found in Britain


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Swords
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Viking Age Compendium articles on Swords:
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Swords found in Britain
Viking Age Compendium articles on Swords:
VA Swords found in Britian.jpg
Swords found in Britain

Introduction

The following list of swords is not comprehensive and only represents those currently known to the author. They have been categorised using the Wheeler / Oakeshott typology. Low quality images have been included to assist with identification and it is not the authors intention to infringe any copyrights by doing so.
The swords in this catalogue only include sword found in England, Scotland, Wales and surrounding isles. It does not include swords from Ireland. The swords listed here were not all made in Britain, many of them being made in Scandinavia or main land Europe. In the same way it is not a list of swords possibly made in England as many examples of these have been found all over Europe.
A number of pommels have been discovered on the Portable Antiques Scheme website. Not all of them as yet have been incorporated into this list. It is recommended that you check the PAS database for additional finds.

Sword articles by Wheeler / Oakeshott Type

Swords found in Britain
Swords of Type I found in Britain Petersen Types: F, G, M, P, Q, Æ. 850AD? to 1025AD
Swords of Type II found in Britain Petersen Types: A, B, C, H, I. Norwegian, 750AD to 960AD
Swords of Type III found in Britain Petersen Types: D, E, R, S, T, U, V. Danish, 800AD to 950AD
Swords of Type IV found in Britain Petersen Types: K, O. Frankish, 790AD to 950AD
Swords of Type V found in Britain Petersen Types: L. English, 850AD to 975AD
Swords of Type VI found in Britain Petersen Types: Lv. Danish, 900AD to 1050AD
Swords of Type VII found in Britain Petersen Types: N, W, X. 830AD to 1100AD
Swords of Type VIII and IX found in Britain 900AD to 1300AD
Swords of Types Disc found in Britain 1050AD to 1300AD
Swords of Types Unknown found in Britain


Full Index of Swords from Britain

Click on the arrows in the header row to sort. To sort by multiple columns hold down the shift key while ordering the columns.


Country & County Wheeler Petersen Name
Scotland, Argyll and Bute II H Argyll, Lamlash, Mill Hill
Scotland, Argyll and Bute II H Argyll, Luss, Boiden
Scotland, Argyll and Bute II H Bute
Scotland, Argyll and Bute  ? Lost Bute, Drumachlay
Scotland, Argyll and Bute V L Colonsay, Machrins
Scotland, Argyll and Bute VII  ? Colonsay, Kiloran Bay
Scotland, Argyll and Bute  ? Lost Colonsay, Traigh Nam Barck
Scotland, Argyll and Bute  ? Lost Bute, Gigha
Scotland, Argyll and Bute I Q Islay, Ballinaby (Q)
Scotland, Argyll and Bute II B Islay, Ballinaby (B)
Scotland, Argyll and Bute II H Islay, Ballinaby (H)
Scotland, Argyll and Bute  ? Lost Tiree, Cornaigbeg
Scotland, Clackmannanshire V L Harvieston
Scotland, Dumfries and Galloway V L Ecclefechan, Torbeckhill
Scotland, Dumfries and Galloway I M St. Cuthbert’s Churchyard
Scotland, Highland II H Balnakeil
Scotland, Highland IV K Ardnamurchan, Swordle Bay
Scotland, Highland III D Eigg
Scotland, Highland VII W Eigg, Grave III
Scotland, Highland II  ? Eigg, Kildonnan
Scotland, Moray IX Y Strathspey
Scotland, Outer Hebridies IV O Eriskay
Scotland, Outer Hebridies  ? Lost Harris, St Kilda
Scotland, Outer Hebridies  ? Lost South Uist, Bebencula
Scotland, Orkney II H Rousay, Grave 11
Scotland, Orkney II H Rousay, Grave 12
Scotland, Orkney II H Rousay, Grave 34a
Scotland, Orkney II H Rousay, Grave 34b
Scotland, Orkney II H Rousay, Sweindrow
Scotland, Orkney VII X Sanday, Lamba Ness
Scotland, Orkney VII X Sanday, Sties
Scotland, Orkney II H Sanday, Scar
Scotland, Orkney II H Westray, Pierowall
Scotland, Orkney  ?  ? Westray, Pierowall Links
Scotland, Orkney II H Westray, Papa
Scotland, Perth  ?  ? Watergate
Scotland, Shetland  ? Lost Sumburgh Airport
Scotland, West Dumbartonshire II I Dumbarton Rock
Isle of Man, St. John's I M Balladoyne Churchyard
Isle of Man, Ballaugh V L Ballaugh
Isle of Man, Jurby VII  ? Ballateare
Isle of Man, Jurby III S Cronk Moar
Isle of Man, Jurby III S Jurby, St. Patrick Churchyard
Isle of Man, Jurby  ?  ? Ballachrink
Isle of Man, Andreas VII  ? Knoc-y-doonee
Isle of Man, Malew  ?  ? Malew Parish Churchyard
Isle of Man, Braddan  ?  ? Old Kirk Braddan
Isle of Man, Patrick  ?  ? Ballabrooie
Isle of Man, German I P St John’s Kirk German
Isle of Man, Maughold V L St Maughold
Isle of Man, German  ?  ? St. Johns, Tynwald Hill
Isle of Man IV O (O)
Wales VI Lv Wales
Wales, Pembrokeshire -  ? Pembrokeshire, Smalls Reef
Wales, Powys V L Builth Wells
England, Berkshire V L Drayton
England, Berkshire Disc - Newbury
England, Berkshire I M Reading
England, Berkshire  ?  ? Reading (-)
England, Berkshire  ?  ? Shepperton, Cowey Stakes
England, Berkshire IV  ? River Kennet, Reading
England, Berkshire VII  ? River Thames, Bray
England, Berkshire V L River Thames, Windsor (L1)
England, Berkshire V L River Thames, Windsor (L2)
England, Berkshire II H Sonning
England, Berkshire IX Y Tilehurst station
England, Cambridgeshire V L Hauxton Mill
England, Cambridgeshire  ?  ? King's Dyke
England, Cambridgeshire VII N Peterbourgh, Raven’s Willow
England, Cambridgeshire  ?  ? River Cam, Clayhithe
England, Cambridgeshire VIII - River Great Ouse
England, Cambridgeshire VII  ? River Nene
England, Cambridgeshire Disc - Whittlesea Mere
England, Cumbria II H Aspatria
England, Cumbria VII - Cumwhitton, Grave 3
England, Cumbria V L Cumwhitton, Grave 4
England, Cumbria VII X Cumwhitton, Grave 5
England, Cumbria V L Cumwhitton, Grave 6
England, Cumbria VII X Cumwhitton, Morland
England, Cumbria IV O Hesket-in-Forest
England, Cumbria I M Ormside, Appleby-in-Westmoreland
England, Cumbria I M Rampside Churchyard
England, Cumbria  ? Lost West Seaton
England, Cumbria  ?  ? Witherslack
England, Cumbria VII X Workington, Lake District
England, Derbyshire V L Ingleby mound 1
England, Derbyshire II H Ingleby mound 7
England, Derbyshire I M Repton (M)
England, Derbyshire V L Repton (L)
England, Derbyshire VII X Repton (X)
England, Devon  ?  ? Exeter
England, Dorset VI Lv River Frome, Wareham
England, Durham V L Hurbuck
England, Essex IV  ? Colchester
England, Hertfordshire II C River Lea, Enfield
England, Hertfordshire VII  ? River Lea, Edmonton
England, Hertfordshire VII  ? River Lea, Hertford
England, Lancashire Disc - Claughton Hall
England, Lancashire  ?  ? Eaglesfield
England, Lancashire  ?  ? Heysham
England, Lancashire V L Inskip
England, Lincolnshire VI Z Lincoln, Canwick Common
England, Lincolnshire V L River Witham, Fiskerton
England, Lincolnshire VI Lv River Witham, Lincoln
England, Lincolnshire Disc - River Witham (1)
England, Lincolnshire Disc - River Witham (2)
England, London -  ? Battersea
England, London  ?  ? London
England, London IV  ? Fetter Lane
England, London V L River Thames (L)
England, London VI Lv River Thames (Lv)
England, London VI Lv River Thames, Brentford
England, London IV O River Thames, Kew
England, London VI Lv River Thames, Kings Reach
England, London II H River Thames, Mortlake
England, London I M River Thames, ‘near London’
England, London VI Lv River Thames, Shifford
England, London VI Lv River Thames, Staines
England, London III S River Thames, Temple Church
England, London VI Lv River Thames, Wandsworth Reach
England, London II H River Thames, Waterloo Bridge
England, London V L River Thames, Westminster
England, London II H River Thames, Vauxhall (H)
England, London VII U River Thames, Vauxhall (U)
England, London - Lost River Thames, Vauxhall (-)
England, London  ?  ? Sherborne Lane
England, London  ?  ? Westminster Palace
England, London III R London(R)
England, Norfolk IV O Norfolk (O)
England, Norfolk IV O Illington
England, Norfolk V L Gooderstone
England, Norfolk V L Norwich
England, Norfolk VI Lv Mileham
England, Norfolk V L River Wensum, Norwich
England, Norfolk V L Santon Downham
England, Norfolk V L Norfolk (L)
England, Norfolk V L Thetford
England, Northumberland Disc - Northumberland
England, Nottinghamshire VII X Newark, Farndon Church
England, Nottinghamshire IX Y Nottingham (Y)
England, Nottinghamshire VII X Nottingham (X)
England, Oxfordshire V L Abingdon
England, Oxfordshire VI Lv Wallingford Bridge
England, Suffolk V L Kersey
England, Suffolk V L River Orwell
England, Surrey III S Chertsey
England, Surrey V L Shepperton, Shepperton Ranges
England, Yorkshire V L Acomb
England, Yorkshire V L Ainsbrook
England, Yorkshire VI Lv Bedale, Camphill
England, Yorkshire V L Bedale Hoard
England, Yorkshire -  ? Cawood
England, Yorkshire V L Gilling West
England, Yorkshire V L Ingleton, Scales Moor
England, Yorkshire  ?  ? Kildale
England, Yorkshire V L Wensley Churchyard
England, Yorkshire VII X York (X1)
England, Yorkshire VII X York (X2)
England, Yorkshire I M York, Clifford Street
England, Yorkshire IV K York, Coppergate (K)
England, Yorkshire V L York, Coppergate (L)
England, Yorkshire V L York, Fishergate (L1)
England, Yorkshire V L York, Fishergate (L2)
England, Yorkshire VII X York, Fishergate (X)

Comparison of finds

Type Scotland Isle of Man Ireland Wales England
I / F Sword type f.jpg - - 3 - -
I / M Sword type m.jpg - 1 1 - 6
I / P Sword type p.jpg - 1 - - -
I / Q Sword type q.jpg 1 - - - -
I / AE Sword type ae.jpg - - - - -
II / B Sword type b.jpg 1 - - - -
II / C Sword type c.jpg 2 - 8 - 1
II / H Sword type h.jpg 10 - 25 - 5
II / I Sword type i.jpg 1 - 5 - 1
III / D Sword type d.jpg 1 - 5 - -
III / E Sword type e.jpg - - 4 - -
III / R Sword type r.jpg - - 2 - 1
III / S Sword type s.jpg - 2 - - 2
III / T Sword type t.jpg - - - - -
IV / K Sword type k.jpg - - 9 - 3
IV / O Sword type o.jpg 1 1 1 - 4
V / L Sword type l.jpg 3 2 10 1 32
VI / Z Sword type z.jpg - - - 1 12
VII / N Sword type n.jpg - - - - 1
VII / U, VSword type u.jpg 1 1 - - 6
VII / W Sword type w.jpg 1 - - - -
VII / X Sword type xe.jpg 2 1 8 - 10
VIII Sword type viii.jpg - - - - 1
IX / Y Sword type y.jpg 1 - - - 2
Unclassifiable 11 1 9 - 2
Unknown - 4 - - 12
Total 36 14 90 3 101
  • Scotland numbers after
  • Ireland numbers after
Walsh A.(1998) A summary classification of Viking age swords in Ireland in Clarke H. B. 'Ireland and Scandinavia in the Early Viking Age' from Żabiński 2007



Wheeler I, Petersen M

  • Sword type m.jpg
  • Like Rygh 489. 850AD? to 1025AD
    In use from the prehistoric iron age in central Europe to as late as the C10th in Norway.


    Scotland, Dumfries and Galloway: St. Cuthbert’s Churchyard

    Sword kirkcudbrightshire.jpg
    Current Location- Kirkcudbrightshire Museum 2050
    Type- Grave find – undated
    Find Date- Unknown
    Total Length- 80cm (broken)
    Blade- Double edged. Length 70cm (broken so probably longer), width 6cm.
    Hilt- Like R.489. Portions of wooden handle. (Grieg 1940) type ? (Żabiński 2007)
    Scabbard- Parts of wood remain.
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Isle of Man, St. Johns: Balladoyne Churchyard

    IOM sword balladoyne.jpg
    Current Location- Manx Museum
    Type- Grave find (in a Christian Churchyard). Undated.
    Find Date- Unknown
    Total Length- 32” (possible about 4” missing)
    Blade- no information
    Hilt- Petersen type M, Wheeler type I. No ornament. Part of the wooden grip remains.
    Scabbard- None
    Comments-
    Bibliography-


    England, Cumbria: Rampside Churchyard

    Sword - England, Rampside (Cumberland and Westmorland vol10).JPG
    Current Location- Municipal Museum, Barrow-in-Furness BAWMS.09000
    Type- Grave find (in a Christian Churchyard). 850-900AD.
    Find Date- 1909
    Total Length- ?
    Blade- 40cm survives, single-edged.
    Hilt- Petersen type M, Wheeler type I
    Scabbard- fragments of iron imregnated wood were found
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    England, Cumbria: Appleby-in-Westmorland, Ormside

    TH Ormside Hilt.jpg
    Current Location- Carlisle Tullie House Museum


    England, Yorkshire: York, Clifford Street

    Sword york clifford.jpg
    Current Location- Yorkshire Museum


    England, Derbyshire: Repton (M)

    Sword repton.jpg
    Current Location- Derby Museum
    Type- Grave find c.873AD
    Find Date- 1986?
    Total Length- 89.7cm
    Blade- length 77.3cm, width 6.2cm.
    Hilt- Petersen type M. grip constructed of strips covered in tabby weave textile.
    Scabbard- made from two lengths of wood, lined with hairy skin. Outside covered in leather.
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    England, Berkshire: Reading

    Sword reading.jpg
    Current Location-
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Pommel missing. Hilt and guard decorated in gripping beasts.
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Rediscovered after 150 years after being considered lost. Made between c.750AD but probably buried just after 800AD.
    Comments-
    Bibliography-


    England, London: River Thames, 'near London'

    Near london hilt.jpg
    Current Location- Museum of London A 17923
    Type- River find, Not before 900AD.
    Find Date- Unknown
    Total Length- (part of blade missing)
    Blade- no information
    Hilt- Petersen type M, Wheeler type I. Part of a wooden handle survives, covered in a course linen.
    Scabbard- none
    Comments-
    Bibliography-


    Wheeler I, Petersen P, Q & AE


    Scotland, Argyll and Bute, Islay: Ballinaby (Q)

    Edwards-Sword Ballinaby hilt.jpg
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland X.IL 379


    Isle of Man, German: St John’s Kirk German

    Example.jpg
    Current Location- Manx Museum
    Type- Found in a field near a burial.
    Find Date- Unknown
    Total Length- (fragmentary)
    Blade- no information
    Hilt- Probably Petersen type P. Traces of silver ornament on pommel and guard.
    Scabbard- None
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Wheeler II, Petersen B, C, H & I

    'Norwegian 750AD to 960AD


    Scotland, Orkney, Westray: Pierowall Links Grave 1

    Zabinski-Sword Pierowall.JPG
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland X.IL 195



    Scotland, Orkney, Westray: Papa

    Sword papa.JPG
    Current Location-
    Type- Grave
    Find Date- 2015
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- H? (Viking Age Compendium) - will have to wait for write up.
    Scabbard -
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Scotland, Orkney, Sandy: Scar

    Sword scar.JPG
    Current Location- Orkney Museum



    Scotland, Orkney, Rousay: Sweindrow

    Sword sweindrow detail.JPG
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland X.IL 191
    Type- Unknown. Found by ploughing. c.850-950
    Find Date- 1826
    Total length-
    Blade- Double edged. About 9 fragments of the blade are preserved.
    Hilt- type Rygh 494 but with bronze ferrules. The bronze ferrules are adorned with stamped Triangles (Grieg 1940). Type H (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard - Some remains of wood are attached by rust to the blade, probably remains of the scabbard
    Comments-
    Bibliography-


    Scotland, Orkney, Rousay: Grave 11

    NMS Westness Grave 11 Sword Hilt.jpg
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland


    Scotland, Orkney, Rousay: Grave 12

    Zabinski-Sword Rousay 9.JPG
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland



    Scotland, Orkney, Rousay: Grave 34a

    Zabinski-Sword Rousay 8.JPG
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland



    Scotland, Highland: Balnakeil

    NMS-web Sword Balnakeil hilt.jpg
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland X.1992.22.1
    Type- Grave find c.850-900
    Find Date- 1992
    Total Length:
    Blade-
    Hilt- Domed pommel with decorated cross bar (Graham-Campbell & Batey 1998). Remains of a leather binding on the hilt (Scran 2015) Type H (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard- remains of a wooden scabbard.
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Scotland, Highland, Eigg: Kildonnan

    Example.jpg
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland



    Scotland, Argyll and Bute, Islay: Ballinaby (H)

    Sword islay.jpg
    Current Location-  Lost
    Type- Unknown
    Find date- before 1776
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- like Rygh 494. Pommel cap missing. The upper and lower cross-pieces were once plated with copper or bronze ribs. (Grieg 1940). Type H (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Scotland, Argyll and Bute, Islay: Ballinaby (B)

    NMS Ballinaby Sword Hilt.JPG
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland
    Type- Grave Find
    Find date- 1878
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type H (like Rygh 494). Parts of wooden group survive. No metal mountings. (Grieg 1940). Type B (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard- Possible a little of the scabbard survives
    Comments-
    Bibliography-


    Scotland, Argyll and Bute, Bute:

    Sword bute.jpg
    Current Location- Bute Natural Museum
    Type- Unknown
    Find date- before 1911
    Total length- 17.3cm (blade and pommel missing)
    Blade- 3cm remaining attached to hilt and 6 other iron fragments. Width 5.5cm.
    Hilt- like Petersen fig.85 (Type H). pommel missing. Small remains of wood still attached to tang. (Grieg 1940). Type H (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard- remains of wood still attached to two of the blade fragments
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Scotland, Argyll and Bute, Argyll: Lamlash, Mill Hill

    Example.jpg
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland
    Type- Grave find
    Find Date- 1896
    Total Length-
    Blade- Single-edged blade. Widest surviving fragment 60mm
    Hilt- Small (29mm) piece of guard survives. Part of wooden grip survives. (Grieg 1940). Type C/H (Żabiński 2007)
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Considered by Balfour and Scot to be a possible Seax and described as probably having a hand grip log enough for 2 hands. Grieg describes this find as being no later than the mid C8th and hence possibly the oldest Viking burial in Scotland.
    Bibliography-


    Scotland, Argyll and Bute, Argyll: Luss, Boiden

    Also known as 'Lower Bridge of Froon, Boiden Mound'

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-  Lost
    Type-
    Find date- April 1851
    Total length- 35"
    Blade- 30" Double edged, 2" wide
    Hilt- Type H (Żabiński 2007)
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Identified from a water colour by Dr. Joseph Anderson as being the same as the Pierowall sword. Current location of both the sword and watercolour is unknown.
    Bibliography-



    Scotland, West Dumbartonshire: Dumbarton Rock

    Zabinski-Sword Dumbarton Rock.JPG
    Current Location-  ?
    Type-
    Find date- ?
    Total length-"
    Blade-
    Hilt- Type I. Only the pommel bar survives. (Żabiński 2007)
    Scabbard-
    Comments- unfinished
    Bibliography-



    England, Cumbria: Aspatria

    Sword aspatria detail.jpg
    Current Location-  Lost


    England, Derbyshire: Ingleby mound 7

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Type- Grave Find
    Find date- 1948
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type H.
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    England, Hertfordshire: River Lea, Enfield

    Sword enfield.JPG
    Current Location- Prince Ladislaus Odescalchi Collection, Rome



    England, Berkshire: Sonning

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Type- burial
    Find date-
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type H
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-




    England, London: River Thames, Waterloo Bridge

    London-Sword Charing Cross hilt.JPG
    Current Location- Museum of London A 3670
    Type- River find, C9th
    Find Date- Unknown
    Total Length- (part of blade missing)
    Blade- no information
    Hilt- Wheeler type I (Wheeler 1927). Petersen type H (Bjorn & Shetelig 1940). Both guards are striped with brass inlay. Bjorn & Shetelig consider the pommel to be missing.
    Scabbard- none
    Comments- Was previously in the Laking collection.
    Bibliography-


    England, London: River Thames, Vauxhall (H)

    Sword vauxhall.JPG
    Current Location- Museum of London 13591
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade- Fragmentary
    Hilt- Petersen type H. The hilt has traces of brass inlay. The pommel is missing
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    England, London: River Thames, Mortlake

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-  ?
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade- single-edged
    Hilt- none but Oakeshott suggests that this blade may have belonged to a type II sword.
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-





    Wheeler III, Petersen D & E


    Scotland, Highland, Eigg: Grave 1830

    NMS Eigg Sword.jpg
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland X.IL 157


    Wheeler III, Petersen R, S & T

    Danish 800AD? to 900AD?


    Isle of Man, Jurby: Cronk Moar

    Manx-Sword Cronk Moar hilt.jpg
    Current Location- Manx Museum
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type S
    Scabbard- found with remains of scabbard
    Comments-
    Bibliography-


    Isle Of Man, Jurby: Jurby, St. Patrick Churchyard

    Example.jpg
    Current Location- re-interred in ground
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type S - described as having a straight guard and 3 lobed pommel.
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    England, London: (R)

    London
    Current Location- British Museum: 1868
    Type-
    Find date- 1868?
    Total length-
    Blade- None
    Hilt- Petersen type R. Only the pommel of the sword survives
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    British Museum

    England, London: River Thames, Temple Church

    Temple
    Current Location- British Museum: 1887,0209.1
    Type-River find. c.900s
    Find Date- before 1887.
    Total Length- 885mm
    Blade- 723mm
    Hilt- Petersen type S. Pommel and guard plated with silver, and decorated in copper inlay of Jellinge style. The grip is covered by a binding of silver wire with a plaited band of silver wire at the top and bottom.
    Scabbard-
    Comments- also known as “Earl of Pembroke Sword”
    Bibliography-

    Chertsey Museum

    England, Surrey: Chertsey

    Chertsey
    Current Location- Chertsey Museum
    Type- gravel pit. C10th
    Find date- 1981
    Total length- 98.4cm (Peirce 2002)
    Blade- Inscription: +M├BERIT+, 'M├' might be 'IVIF' (Williams 2007). 81cm (Peirce 2002).
    Hilt- Petersen type S
    Scabbard-
    Bibliography-
    Comments-

    Wheeler IV, Petersen K

    Frankish, 790 to 890AD

    Sword type k.jpg

    Scotland, Highland, Ardnamurchan: Swordle Bay

    Ardnamurchan
    Current Location-
    Type- Boat Burial. Late C10th / early C11th
    Find date- 2011
    Total length- 75cm (fragmentary)
    Blade- width 6.46cm
    Hilt- Petersen type K (or possibly P). Bronze. Guard decorated with silver and copper alloy. Silver wire separating the 5 lobes. The grip is of bone, antler or ivory with a bronze core.
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Yorkshire Museum

    England, Yorkshire: York, Coppergate (K)

    York_Coppergate
    Current Location- Yorkshire Museum
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade- Missing
    Hilt- Petersen type K. Whalebone pommel
    Scabbard- None
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Essex: Colchester

    Colchester
    Current Location- Returned to finder
    Type- Metal Detector
    Find date- 1979
    Total length-
    Blade- half missing
    Hilt- Petersen type K.
    Scabbard- None
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Berkshire: River Kennet, Reading

    No Picture

    Current Location- Reading Museum
    Type- River Find
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade- Point missing 25.5” long
    Hilt- Petersen type O or K? Rivet hole hence cap missing. Remaining fragments of oak grip.
    Scabbard- Part of an oak? scabbard is also still attached to the blade.
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    British Museum

    England, London: Fetter Lane

    Fetter Lane
    Current Location- British Museum.
    Type- c.800AD?
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade- None
    Hilt- Gilt silver pommel with nielloed engraved pattern
    Scabbard-
    Comments- the BM website dates this pommel to the late C8th and Wheeler dates it to c.800AD.
    Bibliography-

    Wheeler IV, Petersen O

    Frankish, 890 to 950AD

    Sword type o.jpg

    Scotland, Outer Hebridies, Eriskay:

    Eriskay
    Current Location- Museum of Scotland: X.IL 328
    Type- c.900-1000
    Find date- Given to Museum in 1906.
    Total length-
    Blade- 6 fragments of blade. Double edged.
    Hilt- Petersen type O (Like Petersen fig.104). Part of wooden grip survives. Copper-alloy pommel with silver wires twisted through its fingers.
    Scabbard-
    Comments- found with a spear and whetstone
    Bibliography-

    Isle of Man: (O)

    Manx_2008
    Current Location- Manx Museum
    Type- Metal detector find.
    Find date- 2008
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type O
    Scabbard-
    Comments- 13th sword found on the Isle of Man.
    Bibliography-

    Carlisle Tullie House Museum

    England, Cumbria: Hesket-in-the-Forest

    Hesket
    Current Location- The Tullie House Museum
    Type- Grave find - early C10th
    Find date- 1822
    Total length-
    Blade- Sword deliberately damaged. Bent back twice on itself by heating and hammering.
    Hilt- Petersen type O
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Norfolk:

    Norwich
    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type O
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Norfolk: Illington

    Illington
    Current Location- British Museum: 1999,0601.1
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length- N/A
    Blade- None
    Hilt- Petersen type O. Only the Pommel survives.
    Scabbard- None
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, London: River Thames, Kew

    Kew
    Current Location- British Museum: 1891,0905.3.a
    Type- River find C10th
    Find date- Before 1891
    Total length- 753mm
    Blade- 630mm. Blade engraved with makers mark, INGELRll. On the reverse engraved with SITANBI or IBNATIS (?)
    Hilt- Petersen type O (Peirce 2002). Petersen type Q (BM website 205). Missing pommel.
    Scabbard- Remains of wooden sheath on sword blade.
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Wheeler V, Petersen L

    English, 850AD to 975AD

    Sword type l.jpg

    Scotland, Argyll and Bute, Colonsay: Machrins

    Colonsay
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland: I.L. 315-325
    Type- Possible boat burial. c.850-950
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Probably like Rygh 495 – but no pommel preserved.
    Scabbard- Some wood still adheres to the blade.
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    National Museum of Scotland

    Scotland, Dumfries and Galloway: Ecclefechan, Torbeckhill

    Ecclefechan
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland: X.IL 340
    Type- C9th
    Find date- 1913
    Total length- 24.5"
    Blade- Pattern-welding
    Hilt- Petersen type L (like Petersen p.116, fig.97a)
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Scotland, Clackmannanshire: Harvieston

    Harvieston
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland: Q.L.1972.1
    Type- c.800-1100
    Find date- 1972
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Isle of Man, Ballaugh: Ballaugh

    Ballaugh
    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Manx Museum

    Isle of Man, Maughold: St. Maughold

    Maughold
    Current Location- Manx Museum
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments- missing pommel
    Bibliography-

    Wales, Powys: Builth Wells

    Builth Wells
    Current Location- British Museum: 1969,0703.1
    Type- ? C9th
    Find date- Before 1969
    Total length- 31cm
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L. 2 nielloed silver bands. Dotted animals & foliage on pommel.
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Carlisle Tullie House Museum

    England, Cumbria: Ferguson Sword

    Ferguson Sword
    Current Location- Tullie Museum
    Type- Unprovenanced
    Find date- ?
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Cumbria: Cumwhitton, Grave 4

    Cumwhitton
    Current Location-
    Type- Grave no.4 - Male
    Find date- 2011
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Cumbria: Cumwhitton, Grave 6

    Cumwhitton
    Current Location-
    Type- Grave no.6 - Male
    Find date- 2011
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Lancashire: Inskip

    Inskip
    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find date- 1889
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L?
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Durham: Hurbuck

    Hurbuck
    Current Location- British Museum: 1912,0723.1
    Type-River find
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Yorkshire Museum

    England, Yorkshire: Gilling West

    Gilling
    Current Location-Yorkshire Museum: 1979.81
    Type-River find. c.800-866
    Find date- 1976
    Total length- 838mm (Watkin 1986)
    Blade- 700mm long, 52mm wide at the guard. Pattern-welding down the fuller. (Watkin 1986)
    Hilt- Petersen type L. Lower guard 86mm wide (Watkin 1986)
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Yorkshire: Ingleton, Scales Moor

    Ingleton
    Current Location- British Museum: 1944,0301.1
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, North Yorkshire: Wensley Churchyard

    Wensley
    Current Location- British Museum: 1965,0703.1
    Type- Burial
    Find date-
    Total length- 81.5cm (tip of blade missing)
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Yorkshire: Acomb

    Acomb
    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, North Yorkshire: Bedale, Camphill

    Also known as Camphill Sword

    Camphill
    Current Location- British Museum: 1875,0403.169
    Type- Grave find. late C9th
    Find date- Acquired 1875
    Total length- 56cm
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Found in Camphill Grave.
    Bibliography-

    Yorkshire Museum

    England, Yorkshire: Bedale Hoard

    Bedale
    England, Yorkshire, Bedale Hoard
    Current Location- Yorkshire Museum: YORYM 2014 149
    Type-Hoard
    Find date- 2012
    Total length- N/A
    Blade- None
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard- None
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Yorkshire: York, Coppergate (L)

    Coppergate
    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Yorkshire: York, Fishergate (L1)

    Fishergate1
    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length- n/a
    Blade- None
    Hilt- Petersen type L. Only the pommel survives.
    Scabbard- None
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Yorkshire: York, Fishergate (L2)

    Fishergate2
    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade- None
    Hilt- Petersen type L. Only the Cross guard survives.
    Scabbard - None
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Yorkshire: Ainsbrook

    Thirsk
    Current Location- British Museum: 2006,1203.17
    Type- Hoard.
    Find date- 2006
    Total length-
    Blade- None
    Hilt- Petersen type L.
    Scabbard - None
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Derbyshire: Ingleby mound 1

    Sword Ingleby 1 detail(Curle, Olsen & Shetelig 1954).jpg
    Current Location-


    England, Derbyshire: Repton (L)

    Repton
    Current Location-
    Type- found in the midst of a large collection of human bones
    Find date- 1839
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Was not recognised as Viking until the 1980’s.
    Bibliography-

    England, Lincolnshire: River Witham, Fiskerton

    Fiskerton
    Current Location- Sheffield City Museum J. 1954.3
    Type- River find
    Find date- 1954
    Total length- 902mm (White 1979)
    Blade- undecorated
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard- traces of a wooden scabbard.
    Bibliography-

    Norwich Castle Museum

    England, Norfolk: Thetford

    Thetford
    Current Location- Norwich Castle Museum: 1953.158
    Type- Grave Find
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Norfolk: (L)

    14
    Current Location- Norwich Castle Museum
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Seen in Norwich Castle Museum. We have no other information regarding it.
    Bibliography-

    England, Norfolk: Gooderstone

    Gooderstone
    Current Location- Norwich Castle Museum: 1958.11:A
    Type- Discredited Grave Find. Probably just a stray find. [Graham-Campbell 2001]
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Norfolk: Norwich

    Norwich
    Current Location- Norwich Castle Museum
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L, bronze 5 lobes
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Norfolk: Santon Downham

    Santon Downham
    Current Location- British Museum 1883,0726.1
    Type- Grave find. Late C9th
    Find date- 1883
    Total length- 79.5cm
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L.
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Norfolk: River Wensum, Norwich

    Wensum
    Current Location- British Museum: 1854,1107.12
    Type- C9th- early C10th
    Find date- presented to the BM in 1854.
    Total length- 76.7cm
    Blade- 59cm. Inlaid pattern-welding.
    Hilt- Petersen type L. 17.7cm long. Traces of silver and inlaid with copper-alloy wire.
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Hilt and blade are separated.
    Bibliography-

    Ipswich Museum

    England, Suffolk: Kersey

    Kersey
    Current Location- Ipswich Museum: inv. no. 980-85
    Type-
    Find date- ? at Boxford Road Farm.
    Total length- 87.8cm
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard- Traces of the scabbard are still on the blade (Ipswich Museum Label, 2015)
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Suffolk: River Orwell

    Orwell
    Current Location- Ipswich Museum
    Type-River Find?
    Find date-1959?
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Cambridgeshire: Hauxton Mill

    No Picture

    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Ashmolean Museum

    England, Oxfordshire: Abingdon

    Abingdon
    Current Location- Ashmolean Museum, 1890.14 (Pitt-Rivers Museum, Oxford: inv. no. P.R. 1555-2580)
    Type-
    Find date- 1874
    Total length- 31.5cm (incomplete)
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments- found at Bog's Mill, Abingdon.
    Bibliography-

    England, Berkshire: Drayton

    Drayton
    Current Location- Ashmolean Museum: 1966.1158
    Type- by ploughing
    Find Date- 1966
    Total Length- 59.5cm (incomplete)
    Blade- pattern-welded blade
    Hilt- Pommel missing. Crossguard similar to the Windsor sword
    Scabbard- None
    Bibliography-

    England, Berkshire: River Thames, Windsor (L1)

    Windsor
    Current Location- British Museum: 1929,0206.1
    Type- River find
    Find Date- 1929
    Total Length-
    Blade- pattern-welded blade
    Hilt- Unknown classification. long down-curved guard, stub of tang with copper alloy ribbed loop around it, pommel missing
    Scabbard-
    Bibliography-

    England, Berkshire: River Thames, Windsor (L2)

    No Picture

    Current Location- British Museum: 1911,0617.1
    Type- River find. C9th-C10th
    Find date- Before 1911
    Total length- 33.6"
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Surrey: Shepperton, Shepperton Ranges

    No Picture

    Current Location- British Museum 1996,0604.1
    Type- Found underwater in a gravel pit.
    Find Date- 1987
    Total Length- 82.5cm
    Blade- Pattern-welded. Bent, possibly "killed".
    Hilt- Petersen Type L. Copper-alloy upper and lower guards.
    Scabbard- Remains of a wooded scabbard on the lower blade.
    Comments- Similar to the Gilling and Hurbuck swords.
    Bibliography-

    England, London: River Thames (L)

    No Picture

    Current Location- British Museum: 1856,0701.1405
    Type- C9th-C10th
    Find date- Before 1856
    Total length- 74.3cm (BM Website 2015)
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments- I have guessed that the sword referenced in Wheeler is probably BM 1856,0701.1405.
    Bibliography-

    Pre Viking Age English Styles

    England, Berkshire: Windsor (Pommel)

    Windsor
    Current Location- Ashmolean Museum: 1909.518
    Type- Mid C8th - Early C9th
    Find date- Before 1909
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Pommel only
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Wheeler VI Petersen L 'variant' Petersen Z

    Wales: (Lv)

    Wales
    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find Date- 2002
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Lincolnshire: River Witham, Lincoln

    Witham
    Also Known As- The Witham Sword
    Current Location- British Museum: 1848,1021.1
    Type- C9th-C10th
    Find date- 1826 (White 1979)
    Total length- 915mm (BM Website 2015) 914mm (White 1979)
    Blade- Inscription: + LEUTLRIT (White 1979)
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Lincoln The Collection

    England, Lincolnshire, Lincoln, Canwick Common

    Canwick
    Current Location- British Museum: 1881,0509.18. On long-term loan at Lincoln City Museum.
    Type- ? c.1100-1200
    Find date- ?
    Total length- 90.5cm (Complete)
    Blade- 71.1cm (81"). Illegible script of silver inlay ‘ANTANANTAN’. Broken half way down
    Hilt- Guard of Petersen type Q but pommel different (Bjorn & Shetelig 1940). BM classes it as a Type Z.
    Scabbard- none
    Comments- Oakeshott describes the find location as Norfolk. Both Bjorn & Shetelig and the BM website state it as Lincoln. The BM Website states the dating and Type Z as coming from Evison's paper in 'Archaeological Journal vol.124 p.183', that we don't have access to.
    Bibliography-

    Norwich Castle Museum

    England, Norfolk: Mileham

    Mileham
    Current Location-Norwich Museum: 1949.210
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Museum of London

    England, London: River Thames, Staines

    Staines
    Current Location- Museum of London
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, London: River Thames, Vauxhall, Wandsworth Reach

    Wandsworth Reach

    Also known as the 'Putney Sword'

    Current Location- Museum of London: A2373
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length- 882mm
    Blade- 742mm, INGELRII
    Hilt- Type Z?
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Wilson quotes Laking fig.15d as being from Vauxhall. The tip of the sword is from another find from Putney Reach in 1906.
    Bibliography-

    England, London: River Thames, Shifford

    Shifford
    Current Location- Reading Museum
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, London: River Thames, Brentford

    Brentford
    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, London: River Thames, Kings Reach off the Temple

    Kings Reach
    Current Location- British Museum: 1856,0701.1404
    Type- River find.
    Find date- before 1856.
    Total length-
    Blade- 84.4cm (29”) (complete) INGELRII (OAKESHOTT 1962:p.225)
    Hilt- Petersen type Z (BM Website 2015)
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, London: River Thames, Westminster

    Westminster
    Current Location- Ashmolean Museum
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type Lv
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Dorset: River Frome, Wareham

    Wandsworth Reach
    Current Location- Dorchester Museum
    Type-
    Find date- 1927
    Total length-
    Blade- about half of the blade survives
    Hilt- most of the wooden group is still in position
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Wallingford Bridge Type

    England, Oxfordshire, Wallingford Bridge

    Wallingford Bridge
    Current Location- Reading Museum?
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type L
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Carlisle Tullie House Museum

    England, London, River Thames (Lv)

    River Thames
    Also Known As- Tullie House Sword
    Current Location- Tullie House Museum, Carlisle
    Type-
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Later Forms

    Yorkshire Museum

    England, Yorkshire, Cawood

    Cawood
    Current Location- Yorkshire Museum
    Type- River find dated to c.1100AD
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade- 32” 81.2cm inscription
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Almost identical to the Korsoygaden sword. A grave slab in the church yard at Ebberston, near scarborough in Yorks also depicts a similar sword
    Bibliography-

    Wales, Pembrokeshire, Smalls Reef

    Small Reef
    Current Location-
    Type- dated to 1100-1125
    Find date-
    Total length- n/a
    Blade- missing
    Hilt- Guard of bronze decorated in urnes style
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-


    Wheeler VII: Petersen N

    England, Cambridgeshire: Peterbourgh, Raven’s Willow

    Ravens Willow
    Also Known As- Wisbech Sword from the River Nene
    Current Location- Wisbech & Fenland Museum: inv.no.1860.5
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade- Inscription: +VΓ╘BERHTC+ one one side, INGEFLRII on the other.
    Hilt- Petersen type N
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Later half of C9th
    Bibliography-


    Wheeler VII Petersen U, V & W

    Scotland, Highland, Eigg: Grave 1875

    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland: X.IL 174
    Type- c.875-925
    Find date- 1875
    Total length-
    Blade- 12 fragments – double edged
    Hilt- Petersen type W? Identified as being similar to Petersen fig.123 (Grieg 1940). Exact form unknown (Scran 2015). Type W? (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard-
    Comments- found with a plain penannular brooch, a belt, a whetstone, valuable beads and some small pieces of flint (Scran 2015)
    Bibliography-

    Scotland, Argyll and Bute , Colonsay: Kiloran Bay

    Kiloran Bay
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland:
    Type- Grave / Boat Burial c.875-925 (Scran 2015)
    Find date- 1882
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- decorated with twisted silver wires and a chequer-pattern of silver (Scran 2015). Type U/V (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Found with many other items including axe, spear and horse skeleton.
    Bibliography-

    Manx Museum

    Isle of Man, Jurby: Ballateare

    Ballateare
    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type V
    Scabbard- found with remains of scabbard
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Carlisle Tullie House Museum

    England, Cumbria: Cumwhitton, Grave 3

    Cumwhitton
    Current Location-
    Type- Grave no.3 - Male
    Find date- 2011
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Type U
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Cumbria: Workington, West Seaton

    Sword - England, West Seaton (Edwards 2004).JPG
    Current Location-
    Find Type- Possible grave find
    Find Date- 1902-03
    Total Length: 80cm
    Blade- bent
    Hilt- Petersen Type W. L:8cm
    Scabbard- description of the find suggests that it was found in its scabbard
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    England, London: River Thames, Vauxhall (U)

    Wandsworth Reach
    Current Location- British Museum: 1915,0504.1
    Type- C9th - C10th
    Find Date-
    Total Length- 100cm
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type U (BM Website 2015)
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Cambridgeshire: River Nene

    No Picture

    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Hertfordshire: River Lea, Hertford

    Hertford
    Current Location- Stolen from Hertford Museum
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Hertfordshire: River Lea, Edmonton

    Edmonton
    Current Location- British Museum 1915.0504.1
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade- pattern welded,
    Hilt- Petersen type U, pommel inlaid with copper in chequered pattern
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Berkshire: River Thames, Bray

    No Picture

    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-


    Wheeler VII: Petersen X

    Scotland, Orkney, Sanday: Sties

    Sties
    Current Location- The Hunterian Museum, Glasgow University
    Type- Burial Mound
    Find date- before 1872
    Total length- 67cm (parts of blade missing).
    Blade- double edged. Badly corroded. Broken and consist of 10 fragments. Width 5.5cm.
    Hilt- probably like Petersen fig.128 (type X). Remains of a wooden grip. Type X (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard- may have parts of the wooden scabbard attached to the corroded blade.
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Scotland, Orkney, Sanday: Lamba Ness

    Also known as Lamaness

    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland: X.IL 180
    Type- Burial c.900-1000
    Find date- 1878
    Total length-
    Blade- Double edged.
    Hilt- Petersen type I or type K (Grieg 1940) Type X (Żabiński 2007) Part of guard is preserved. The pommel and upper guard are missing. May have been the same as Petersen fig.87 but not enough survives to possitivly classify the sword. (Grieg 1940)
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Manx Museum

    Isle of Man, Andreas: Knoc-y-doonee

    Knoc
    Current Location- Manx Museum: 2774
    Type- Boat Burial
    Find date- late 1920's
    Total length- Just over 36" (Bjorn & Shetelig 1940)
    Blade- Much rusted and broken in a number of places (Bjorn & Shetelig 1940)
    Hilt- Petersen type X (Bjorn & Shetelig 1940). Petersen type U, due to traces of silver wire on the guard. (Wilson 2008)
    Scabbard- Remains of decayed wood (Bjorn & Shetelig 1940)
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Cumbria: Cumwhitton

    Cumwhitton
    Current Location-
    Type- Grave no.5 - Male
    Find date- 2011
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Cumbria: Morland

    Morland
    Current Location- ?
    Type- Possible Grave find
    Find Date- before 1982
    Total Length- ?
    Blade- ?
    Hilt- ?
    Scabbard- None
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Cumbria: Workington, Lake District

    No Picture

    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type W or X
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Yorkshire: York (X1)

    York
    Current Location- Yorkshire Museum: 1948.643.2
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade- two-edged
    Hilt- Petersen type X
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Yorkshire Museum

    England, Yorkshire: York (X2)

    York
    Current Location- Yoekshire Museum: 1948.643.1
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade- two-edged
    Hilt- Petersen type X
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Yorkshire: York, Fishergate (X)

    Fishergate
    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length- n/a
    Blade- Missing
    Hilt- Only a Petersen type X Pommel survives.
    Scabbard- None
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Nottinghamshire: Nottingham (X)

    Nottingham
    Current Location- Uncertain: British Museum? Royal Armouries - Tower of London?
    Type- Burial
    Find date- 1851?
    Total length- 36" (Archaeological Journal Vol. VIII)
    Blade- 2¼" wide (Archaeological Journal Vol. VIII). Point missing (Bjorn & Shetelig 1940)
    Hilt- Petersen type X. Grip still retains traces of wood (Archaeological Journal Vol. VIII)
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Found with another sword and spear, along with two skulls and other human remains.(Archaeological Journal Vol. VIII)
    Bibliography-

    England, Nottinghamshire: Newark-on-Trent, Farndon Church

    Farndon
    Current Location- British Museum 1906,612.1
    Type-
    Find date- 1906
    Total length- 87.1cm
    Blade- 80.8cm (Complete), width 5cm
    Hilt- Petersen type X (Bjorn & Shetelig 1940). Petersen type V (BM Website 2015)
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Derbyshire: Repton (X)

    Repton
    Current Location- Missing
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-

    Comments- now known only through an electrotype copy recovered from a Repton attic in 1948, may represent a second, but later, Viking sword from the village (Petersen Type X).

    Bibliography-

    Ashmolean Museum

    England, London: Battersea

    Battersea
    Current Location- Pitt-Rivers Museum, Oxford:P.R. 1555-2580
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade- Inscription: +VI┐IFRI+┴ (Williams 2009)
    Hilt- Tea Cosy pommel
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Type VIII

    Brazil Nut 950AD to 1300AD?

    Ouse
    England, Cambridgeshire, River Great Ouse
    Current Location- Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology
    Find type- River find. 950-1000AD
    Total length-
    Type-
    Find date-
    Total length-
    Blade- 77.5cm (30½"). Engraved on one side with ‘CONSTAININUS’ and on the other with ‘+INOMINEDOMINI’
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Bibliography- [OAKESHOTT 1991]:p.35


    Type IX Petersen Y

    1000AD to 1300AD?

    National Museum of Scotland

    Scotland, Moray: Gorton

    Strathspey
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland. H.LA 1
    Type- Unknown. Found in an excavation of a railway cutting (Strathspey). c.900-1000
    Find Date- Before 1864.
    Total Length- 88cm (Complete)
    Blade- Double edged. Length 77cm (complete), width 5cm. Probably pattern welded.
    Hilt- Petersen type P. Both cross-pieces are decorated with untwisted silver and copper wires. (Grieg 1940). Type Y (Żabiński 2007)
    Scabbard- None
    Comments- Grieg describes the sword as coming from Elginshire
    Bibliography-

    England, Nottinghamshire: Nottingham (Y)

    Nottingham
    Current Location-
    Type-
    Find date-1851
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Petersen type Y
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Wheeler identifies this sword as probably being Petersen type L but states that the sword is damaged (Wheeler 1927). Evison has confirmed the sword as a later type Y and not a type L as it appears in the picture (Graham-Campbell 2001) Described as 'resembling knuckles of the hand'. Image from The Archaeological Journal 8 p.425
    Bibliography-

    England, Berkshire: Tilehurst station

    No Picture

    Current Location- Reading Museum
    Type- Unknown, found during road widening. C10th
    Find Date- Sept. 1917.
    Total Length- 23” (part of blade missing)
    Blade- Double edged – cap and upper guard are not separate.
    Hilt- Petersen type Y
    Scabbard- None
    Comments-
    Bibliography-


    Type Disc

    1050AD to 1300AD?

    England, Lancashire: Claughton Hall

    Claughton
    Current Location- Now missing
    Type- Grave find (Possible cremation)
    Find Date- 1822
    Total Length- ?
    Blade- ?
    Hilt- ?
    Scabbard- None
    Comments- Found in a wooden box.
    The illustration of the sword is from a watercolour by Edward Jones. In 1846 he illustrated the Claughton items held by the Society of Antiquities of London. An earlier watercolour was made by the amateur antiquarian John Weld and found as a loose leaf in his sketch book and bearing the date 1834. There are a number of differences between the two drawings including the shape of the crossbar. Weld shows it as being straight where as Jones shows it being slightly curved.
    Bibliography-

    England, Lincolnshire: Lincoln, River Witham (Disc 1)

    Current Location- Lincoln Museum
    Type- dated to 1100-1150AD
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade- 30” 77.5cm
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Lincolnshire: Lincoln, River Witham (Disc 2)

    Current Location- Lincoln Museum
    Type- dated to 1100-1150AD
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade- 30” 77.5cm
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Northumberland:

    Current Location- Glasgow Museum
    Type- dated to 1050-1125
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade- 26" (66cm) inscription
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Cambridgeshire: Whittlesea Mere

    Current Location- Glasgow Museum
    Type- excavated. dated to 1050-1125
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade- 88cm (34 ¾”) inscription
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    England, Berkshire: Newbury

    Current Location-
    Type- excavated c.1100
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade- 33” 85cm traces of an inscription
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-

    Unclassified swords - too decayed

    Swords that are too decayed to identify

    Scotland, Orkney, Rousay: Grave 34b

    Zabinski-Sword Rousay 10.JPG
    Current Location-
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland
    Find Type- Grave
    Find Date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Type H (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Isle of Man, Braddan: Old Kirk Braddan

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- Manx Museum
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total Length- fragment
    Blade- only the upper part survives
    Hilt- missing, no guard or pommel
    Scabbard- none
    Bibliography-



    Unclassified swords - Lost

    Scotland, Shetland, Dunrossness: Sumburgh Airport

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- Lost
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Unknown (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard -
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Scotland, Outer Hebrides, Harris: St Kilda

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- Lost
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Unknown (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard -
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Scotland, Outer Hebrides, South Uist: Bebencula

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- Lost
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Unknown (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard -
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Scotland, Argyll and Bute, Tiree: Cornaigbeg

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- Lost
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Unknown (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard -
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Scotland, Argyll and Bute, Colonsay: Traigh Nam Barck

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- Lost
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Unknown (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard -
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Scotland, Argyll and Bute, Gigha:

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- Lost
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Unknown (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard -
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Scotland, Argyll and Bute, Bute: Drumachlay

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- Lost
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Unknown (Żabiński 2007).
    Scabbard -
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    England, London: River Thames, Vauxhall (-)

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- Unknown
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Wheeler only mentions ‘Information from Mr G. F. Lawrence’
    Bibliography-



    Swords still awaiting classification

    Swords so far unidentified by the authors

    Scotland, Orkney, Westray: Pierowall Links Grave 10

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-



    Scotland, Perth: Watergate

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-



    England, Cumbria: Witherslack

    Kendal-web Sword Witherslack hilt.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- Kendal Museum: KMA1979.269
    Find Type- Possible grave find
    Find Date- 1898, at the foot of Whitbarrow Scar (Kendal Museum 2015)
    Total Length-
    Blade- Pattern-welded (Kendal Museum 2015)
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-


    England, Cumbria: Eaglesfield

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- University of Newcastle, Museum of Antiquities
    Find Type- Possible grave find
    Find Date- 1814
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard
    Comments- Cowen (1948) reports that that a fragmentary sword was found in 1852 with a skeleton in Eaglesfield outside Cockermouth, the original label accompanying the sword fragment, in the Black gate Museum in Newcastle, read ‘part of a sword found by a skeleton at Egglesfield near Cockermouth’. The mention of the skeleton suggests that the sword came from a grave site.
    Cowen (1948) cites Dickinson, writing in 1877, who mentions that at Brigham six skeletons and a sword were found. This could be evidence of a ‘Viking’ burial site and therefore possibly suggest Anglo Scandinavian settlement in the area
    Bibliography-



    England, Yorkshire: Kildale

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location-
    Find Type- grave find
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments- The are 4 swords marked here on Richards map.
    Bibliography-



    England, Lancashire: Heysham

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location-
    Find Type- grave find
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Isle of Man, Patrick: Ballabrooie

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location-
    Find Type- Possible grave find
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Isle of Man, German: St.Johns, Tynwald Hill

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location-
    Find Type-
    Find Date- 1937
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Isle of Man, Jurby: Ballachrink

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-



    Isle of Man, Malew: Malew Parish Churchyard

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location-
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments- 2 swords
    Bibliography-



    England, Norfolk: River Little Ouse, Hockwold cum Wilton

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- Unknown: NHER 15748
    Find Type-
    Find Date- 1978
    Total Length-
    Blade- In two parts. Bent in two with a hole drilled at the bend.
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Described as a complete late Saxon sword.
    Bibliography-



    England, Cambridgeshire: King's Dyke

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- Victoria County History, Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely, I, 326.
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments- found in River Nene on junction with King's Dyke.
    Bibliography-



    England, Cambridgeshire: River Cam, Clayhithe

    Proc.C.A.S. Vol.33 Sword-Clayhithe.JPG
    Current Location-
    Current Location-
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    England, Berkshire: Shepperton, Cowey Stakes

    Example.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location-
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    England, Berkshire: Reading, Old Windsor

    Reading-web Sword Old Windsor.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- Reading Museum: REDMG: 1997.35.62
    Find Type- Excavation
    Find Date- 1953-1958
    Total Length- n/a
    Blade- none
    Hilt- Only cross-guard survives. Swedish in style (Reading Museum 2015)
    Scabbard- none
    Comments- From the excavations of the Saxon palace at Old Windsor by Brian Hope-Taylor, 1953 to 1958.
    Bibliography-



    Museum of London

    England, London: Sherborne Lane

    Sword sherborne.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- Museum of London:
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total Length- n/a
    Blade- None
    Hilt- Only the Crossguard remains.
    Scabbard- n/a
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    England, London:

    Sword London.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- Museum of London: 93.79/1
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total Length- n/a
    Blade- None
    Hilt- Only the Crossguard remains. 90x22mm. Inlaid with silver and copper wire.
    Scabbard- n/a
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    England, London: Westminster Palace

    Sword westminster palace.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location-
    Find Type-
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt-
    Scabbard-
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    England, Devon: Exeter

    Sword exeter.jpg
    Current Location-
    Current Location- British Museum: 1875,0617.15
    Find Type-
    Find Date- 1833
    Total Length- N/A
    Blade- N/A
    Hilt- Only the pommel guard survives. Inscription: EOFRI ME F (BM Website 2015)
    Scabbard- N/A
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Select Bibliography

    Bersu, Gerhard and Wilson, David M. (1966) Three Viking Graves in the Isle of Man. The Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph Servies: No 1 [BERSU & WILSON 1966] *
    Bjorn, Anathon, and Shetelig, Haakon (1940) Viking Antiquities in England. Edited by Haakon Shetelig. (Available Online) Viking Antiquities in Great Britain and Ireland: Part 4 [BJORN & SHETELIG 1940] *
    Davidson, Hilda, Ellis (1962) The Sword in Anglo-Saxon England. [DAVIDSON 1962] *
    Edwards, B.J.N. (1998) Vikings in North West England. The Artifacts. [EDWARDS 1998] *
    Graham-Campbell, James, and Batey, Colleen E. (1998) Vikings in Scotland, an archaeological survey. Edinburgh University Press. [GRAHAM-CAMPBELL & BATEY 1998] *
    Grieg, Sigurd (1940) Viking Antiquities in Scotland. Edited by Haakon Shetelig. (Available Online) Viking Antiquities in Great Britain and Ireland: Part 2 [GRIEG 1940] *
    Oakeshott, Ewart (1960) The Archaeology of Weapons. Lutterworth Press. 1960. [OAKESHOTT 1960] *
    Oakshott, Ewart (1991) Records of the Medieval Sword. Boydell. [OAKESHOTT 1991] ^ *
    Peirce, Ian (2002) Swords of the Viking Age. The Boydell Press. [PEIRCE 2002] *
    Richards, Julian D. (2004) Vikings in England. [RICHARDS 2004] *
    Wilson, David M. (1964) Anglo-Saxon Ornamental Metalwork 700-1100. The British Museum. [WILSON 1964] *
    Wilson, David M. (1965) Some neglected late Anglo-Saxon swords. Medieval Archaeology: Vol.9 [WILSON 1965] *
    Wilson, David M. (2008) The Vikings in the Isle of Man. [WILSON 2008] *
    Wheeler, R.E.M. (1927) London and the Vikings. London Museum Catalogues: No 1 [WHEELER 1927] *
    Żabiński, Grzegorz (2007) 'Viking Age Swords from Scotland'. STUDIA I MATERIAŁY – STUDIES AND MATERIALS. Acta Militaria Mediaevalia III. Kraków – Sanok 2007, s. 29-84. (Available Online - www.academia.edu) [ŻABIŃSKI 2007] *