Last modified on 20 August 2018, at 12:07

Swords of Type I found in Britain

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Introduction

The following list of swords is not comprehensive and only represents those currently known to the author. They have been categorised using the Wheeler / Oakeshott typology. Low quality images have been included to assist with identification and it is not the authors intention to infringe any copyrights by doing so.
The swords in this catalogue only include sword found in England, Scotland, Wales and surrounding isles. It does not include swords from Ireland. The swords listed here were not all made in Britain, many of them being made in Scandinavia or main land Europe. In the same way it is not a list of swords possibly made in England as many examples of these have been found all over Europe.
A number of pommels have been discovered on the Portable Antiques Scheme website. Not all of them as yet have been incorporated into this list. It is recommended that you check the PAS database for additional finds.

Sword articles by Wheeler / Oakeshott Type

Swords found in Britain
Swords of Type I found in Britain Petersen Types: F, G, M, P, Q, Æ. 850AD? to 1025AD
Swords of Type II found in Britain Petersen Types: A, B, C, H, I. Norwegian, 750AD to 960AD
Swords of Type III found in Britain Petersen Types: D, E, R, S, T, U, V. Danish, 800AD to 950AD
Swords of Type IV found in Britain Petersen Types: K, O. Frankish, 790AD to 950AD
Swords of Type V found in Britain Petersen Types: L. English, 850AD to 975AD
Swords of Type VI found in Britain Petersen Types: Lv. Danish, 900AD to 1050AD
Swords of Type VII found in Britain Petersen Types: N, W, X. 830AD to 1100AD
Swords of Type VIII and IX found in Britain 900AD to 1300AD
Swords of Types Disc found in Britain 1050AD to 1300AD
Swords of Types Unknown found in Britain


Full Index of Swords from Britain

Click on the arrows in the header row to sort. To sort by multiple columns hold down the shift key while ordering the columns.


Country & County Wheeler Petersen Name
Scotland, Argyll and Bute II H Argyll, Lamlash, Mill Hill
Scotland, Argyll and Bute II H Argyll, Luss, Boiden
Scotland, Argyll and Bute II H Bute
Scotland, Argyll and Bute  ? Lost Bute, Drumachlay
Scotland, Argyll and Bute V L Colonsay, Machrins
Scotland, Argyll and Bute VII  ? Colonsay, Kiloran Bay
Scotland, Argyll and Bute  ? Lost Colonsay, Traigh Nam Barck
Scotland, Argyll and Bute  ? Lost Bute, Gigha
Scotland, Argyll and Bute I Q Islay, Ballinaby (Q)
Scotland, Argyll and Bute II B Islay, Ballinaby (B)
Scotland, Argyll and Bute II H Islay, Ballinaby (H)
Scotland, Argyll and Bute  ? Lost Tiree, Cornaigbeg
Scotland, Clackmannanshire V L Harvieston
Scotland, Dumfries and Galloway V L Ecclefechan, Torbeckhill
Scotland, Dumfries and Galloway I M St. Cuthbert’s Churchyard
Scotland, Highland II H Balnakeil
Scotland, Highland IV K Ardnamurchan, Swordle Bay
Scotland, Highland III D Eigg
Scotland, Highland VII W Eigg, Grave III
Scotland, Highland II  ? Eigg, Kildonnan
Scotland, Moray IX Y Strathspey
Scotland, Outer Hebridies IV O Eriskay
Scotland, Outer Hebridies  ? Lost Harris, St Kilda
Scotland, Outer Hebridies  ? Lost South Uist, Bebencula
Scotland, Orkney II H Rousay, Grave 11
Scotland, Orkney II H Rousay, Grave 12
Scotland, Orkney II H Rousay, Grave 34a
Scotland, Orkney II H Rousay, Grave 34b
Scotland, Orkney II H Rousay, Sweindrow
Scotland, Orkney VII X Sanday, Lamba Ness
Scotland, Orkney VII X Sanday, Sties
Scotland, Orkney II H Sanday, Scar
Scotland, Orkney II H Westray, Pierowall
Scotland, Orkney  ?  ? Westray, Pierowall Links
Scotland, Orkney II H Westray, Papa
Scotland, Perth  ?  ? Watergate
Scotland, Shetland  ? Lost Sumburgh Airport
Scotland, West Dumbartonshire II I Dumbarton Rock
Isle of Man, St. John's I M Balladoyne Churchyard
Isle of Man, Ballaugh V L Ballaugh
Isle of Man, Jurby VII  ? Ballateare
Isle of Man, Jurby III S Cronk Moar
Isle of Man, Jurby III S Jurby, St. Patrick Churchyard
Isle of Man, Jurby  ?  ? Ballachrink
Isle of Man, Andreas VII  ? Knoc-y-doonee
Isle of Man, Malew  ?  ? Malew Parish Churchyard
Isle of Man, Braddan  ?  ? Old Kirk Braddan
Isle of Man, Patrick  ?  ? Ballabrooie
Isle of Man, German I P St John’s Kirk German
Isle of Man, Maughold V L St Maughold
Isle of Man, German  ?  ? St. Johns, Tynwald Hill
Isle of Man IV O (O)
Wales VI Lv Wales
Wales, Pembrokeshire -  ? Pembrokeshire, Smalls Reef
Wales, Powys V L Builth Wells
England, Berkshire V L Drayton
England, Berkshire Disc - Newbury
England, Berkshire I M Reading
England, Berkshire  ?  ? Reading (-)
England, Berkshire  ?  ? Shepperton, Cowey Stakes
England, Berkshire IV  ? River Kennet, Reading
England, Berkshire VII  ? River Thames, Bray
England, Berkshire V L River Thames, Windsor (L1)
England, Berkshire V L River Thames, Windsor (L2)
England, Berkshire II H Sonning
England, Berkshire IX Y Tilehurst station
England, Cambridgeshire V L Hauxton Mill
England, Cambridgeshire  ?  ? King's Dyke
England, Cambridgeshire VII N Peterbourgh, Raven’s Willow
England, Cambridgeshire  ?  ? River Cam, Clayhithe
England, Cambridgeshire VIII - River Great Ouse
England, Cambridgeshire VII  ? River Nene
England, Cambridgeshire Disc - Whittlesea Mere
England, Cumbria II H Aspatria
England, Cumbria VII - Cumwhitton, Grave 3
England, Cumbria V L Cumwhitton, Grave 4
England, Cumbria VII X Cumwhitton, Grave 5
England, Cumbria V L Cumwhitton, Grave 6
England, Cumbria VII X Cumwhitton, Morland
England, Cumbria IV O Hesket-in-Forest
England, Cumbria I M Ormside, Appleby-in-Westmoreland
England, Cumbria I M Rampside Churchyard
England, Cumbria  ? Lost West Seaton
England, Cumbria  ?  ? Witherslack
England, Cumbria VII X Workington, Lake District
England, Derbyshire V L Ingleby mound 1
England, Derbyshire II H Ingleby mound 7
England, Derbyshire I M Repton (M)
England, Derbyshire V L Repton (L)
England, Derbyshire VII X Repton (X)
England, Devon  ?  ? Exeter
England, Dorset VI Lv River Frome, Wareham
England, Durham V L Hurbuck
England, Essex IV  ? Colchester
England, Hertfordshire II C River Lea, Enfield
England, Hertfordshire VII  ? River Lea, Edmonton
England, Hertfordshire VII  ? River Lea, Hertford
England, Lancashire Disc - Claughton Hall
England, Lancashire  ?  ? Eaglesfield
England, Lancashire  ?  ? Heysham
England, Lancashire V L Inskip
England, Lincolnshire VI Z Lincoln, Canwick Common
England, Lincolnshire V L River Witham, Fiskerton
England, Lincolnshire VI Lv River Witham, Lincoln
England, Lincolnshire Disc - River Witham (1)
England, Lincolnshire Disc - River Witham (2)
England, London -  ? Battersea
England, London  ?  ? London
England, London IV  ? Fetter Lane
England, London V L River Thames (L)
England, London VI Lv River Thames (Lv)
England, London VI Lv River Thames, Brentford
England, London IV O River Thames, Kew
England, London VI Lv River Thames, Kings Reach
England, London II H River Thames, Mortlake
England, London I M River Thames, ‘near London’
England, London VI Lv River Thames, Shifford
England, London VI Lv River Thames, Staines
England, London III S River Thames, Temple Church
England, London VI Lv River Thames, Wandsworth Reach
England, London II H River Thames, Waterloo Bridge
England, London V L River Thames, Westminster
England, London II H River Thames, Vauxhall (H)
England, London VII U River Thames, Vauxhall (U)
England, London - Lost River Thames, Vauxhall (-)
England, London  ?  ? Sherborne Lane
England, London  ?  ? Westminster Palace
England, London III R London(R)
England, Norfolk IV O Norfolk (O)
England, Norfolk IV O Illington
England, Norfolk V L Gooderstone
England, Norfolk V L Norwich
England, Norfolk VI Lv Mileham
England, Norfolk V L River Wensum, Norwich
England, Norfolk V L Santon Downham
England, Norfolk V L Norfolk (L)
England, Norfolk V L Thetford
England, Northumberland Disc - Northumberland
England, Nottinghamshire VII X Newark, Farndon Church
England, Nottinghamshire IX Y Nottingham (Y)
England, Nottinghamshire VII X Nottingham (X)
England, Oxfordshire V L Abingdon
England, Oxfordshire VI Lv Wallingford Bridge
England, Suffolk V L Kersey
England, Suffolk V L River Orwell
England, Surrey III S Chertsey
England, Surrey V L Shepperton, Shepperton Ranges
England, Yorkshire V L Acomb
England, Yorkshire V L Ainsbrook
England, Yorkshire VI Lv Bedale, Camphill
England, Yorkshire V L Bedale Hoard
England, Yorkshire -  ? Cawood
England, Yorkshire V L Gilling West
England, Yorkshire V L Ingleton, Scales Moor
England, Yorkshire  ?  ? Kildale
England, Yorkshire V L Wensley Churchyard
England, Yorkshire VII X York (X1)
England, Yorkshire VII X York (X2)
England, Yorkshire I M York, Clifford Street
England, Yorkshire IV K York, Coppergate (K)
England, Yorkshire V L York, Coppergate (L)
England, Yorkshire V L York, Fishergate (L1)
England, Yorkshire V L York, Fishergate (L2)
England, Yorkshire VII X York, Fishergate (X)


Wheeler I, Petersen M

  • Sword type m.jpg
  • Like Rygh 489. 850AD? to 1025AD
    In use from the prehistoric iron age in central Europe to as late as the C10th in Norway.

    Scotland, Dumfries and Galloway: St. Cuthbert’s Churchyard

    Sword kirkcudbrightshire.jpg
    Current Location- Kirkcudbrightshire Museum 2050
    Type- Grave find – undated
    Find Date- Unknown
    Total Length- 80cm (broken)
    Blade- Double edged. Length 70cm (broken so probably longer), width 6cm.
    Hilt- Like R.489. Portions of wooden handle. (Grieg 1940) type ? (Żabiński 2007)
    Scabbard- Parts of wood remain.
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Isle of Man, St. Johns: Balladoyne Churchyard

    Example.jpg
    Current Location- Manx Museum
    Type- Grave find (in a Christian Churchyard). Undated.
    Find Date- Unknown
    Total Length- 32” (possible about 4” missing)
    Blade- no information
    Hilt- Petersen type M, Wheeler type I. No ornament. Part of the wooden grip remains.
    Scabbard- None
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    Isle of Man, St. Johns: Balladoyne nr. Tynwald Hill

    IOM sword balladoyne.jpg
    Current Location- Manx Museum 1954-3898a
    Type-
    Find Date- 1937
    Total Length- 15cm
    Blade-
    Hilt- Type M
    Scabbard- None
    Comments-
    Bibliography-


    England, Lancashire: Rampside

    Sword - England, Rampside (Cumberland and Westmorland vol10).JPG
    Current Location- Municipal Museum, Barrow-in-Furness BAWMS.09000
    Type- Grave find (in a Christian Churchyard). 850-900AD.
    Find Date- 1909
    Total Length- ?
    Blade- 40cm survives, single-edged.
    Hilt- Petersen type M, Wheeler type I
    Scabbard- fragments of iron imregnated wood were found
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    England, Cumbria: Appleby-in-Westmorland, Ormside

    TH Ormside Hilt.jpg
    Current Location- Carlisle Tullie House Museum
    Type- Grave find. 850-900AD.
    Find Date- before 1898
    Total Length- 35.5” (Complete?)
    Blade- Length 31” (79cm)
    Hilt- Petersen type M, Wheeler type I
    Scabbard- none
    Comments-
    Bibliography-


    England, Yorkshire: York, Clifford Street

    Sword york clifford.jpg
    Current Location- Yorkshire Museum


    England, Derbyshire: Repton (M)

    Sword repton.jpg
    Current Location- Derby Museum
    Type- Grave find c.873AD
    Find Date- 1986?
    Total Length- 89.7cm
    Blade- length 77.3cm, width 6.2cm.
    Hilt- Petersen type M. grip constructed of strips covered in tabby weave textile.
    Scabbard- made from two lengths of wood, lined with hairy skin. Outside covered in leather.
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    England, Berkshire: Reading

    Sword reading.jpg
    Current Location-
    Find Date-
    Total Length-
    Blade-
    Hilt- Pommel missing. Hilt and guard decorated in gripping beasts.
    Scabbard-
    Comments- Rediscovered after 150 years after being considered lost. Made between c.750AD but probably buried just after 800AD.
    Comments-
    Bibliography-


    England, London: River Thames, 'near London'

    Near london hilt.jpg
    Current Location- Museum of London A 17923
    Type- River find, Not before 900AD.
    Find Date- Unknown
    Total Length- (part of blade missing)
    Blade- no information
    Hilt- Petersen type M, Wheeler type I. Part of a wooden handle survives, covered in a course linen.
    Scabbard- none
    Comments-
    Bibliography-


    Wheeler I, Petersen P, Q & AE

    Scotland, Argyll and Bute, Islay: Ballinaby (Q)

    Edwards-Sword Ballinaby hilt.jpg
    Current Location- National Museum of Scotland X.IL 379


    Isle of Man, German: St John’s Kirk German

    Example.jpg
    Current Location- Manx Museum
    Type- Found in a field near a burial.
    Find Date- Unknown
    Total Length- (fragmentary)
    Blade- no information
    Hilt- Traces of silver ornament on pommel and guard. Probably Petersen type P (Bjorn & Shetelig 1940). Possibly Type L (Steinforth 2015).
    Scabbard- None
    Comments-
    Bibliography-



    England, Yorkshire: Cottam (PAS)

    PAS Sword YORYM-6A7866.jpg
    Current Location- Returned to Finder
    PAS Ref.- Portable Antiquities Scheme YORYM-6A7866
    Find date-
    Find- cross guard Type P
    Bibliography-