Drinking & Blowing Horns

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Viking Age Compendium articles on Cooking & Eating:
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Drinking & Blowing Horns
Viking Age Compendium articles on Cooking & Eating:
VA Example.jpg
Drinking & Blowing Horns

The following list of horn mounts and terminals is not intended to be exhaustive and merely reflects our attempt to categorise by region horn mounts discovered from the Viking Age. Additional finds and possible category changes are likely as our research continues.

Pre Viking Age C5th-C8th

Art
--
Literature
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Archaeology

  • England
    • Taplow. Late C6th. Pair of drinking horns
    • Sutton Hoo. Early C7th. Pair of drinking horns
  • Denmank
    • Gallehus Horns. Found in Denmark in 1639. Gold drinking vessels in the shape of auroch horns.

Discussion
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Irish Animal headed C7th-C9th

Found in Ireland and Norway
Art
--
Literature
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Archaeology

  • Norway
    • Austratt, Rog. [Petersen 1940:p.? no.48]
    • Vinjum, Aurland. [Petersen 1940:p.? no.74]
    • Voll, Ranem. horn with terminal [Petersen 1940:p.71 no.97 fig.79] [MACGREGOR 1985]
    • Varoy, Naeroy. [Petersen 1940:p.72, 73 no.100 fig.81]

Discussion
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Non Animal headed C9th-10th


Art

  • Scotland
    • Bullion Stone. Pictish 900-950AD. depicts a warrior drinking from a large horn while on horseback. Museum of Scotland

Literature
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Archaeology

  • England
  • Ireland
  • Norway
    • Lund. [Petersen 1940:p.169 no.1]
    • Gjonnes. [Petersen 1940:p.169 no.2 fig.136a-136b]
    • Rokleiv. [Petersen 1940:p.169 no.3]
    • Gausel. [Petersen 1940:p.169 no.4 fig.137]
    • Bryn. [Petersen 1940:p.170 no.5]
    • Hyrt. [Petersen 1940:p.170 no.6 fig.138]
    • Hove. [Petersen 1940:p.170 no.7]
    • Huseby. [Petersen 1940:p.171 no.8]
    • Ryem. [Petersen 1940:p.171 no.9]
    • Island. [Petersen 1940:p.171 no.10]
    • Fasteraunet. [Petersen 1940:p.171 no.11]
  • Sweden
    • Birka. Only a single grave had evidence for horn mounts. A pair of mounts were found in a burial of a rich female. [ARBMAN 1940 :Taf.196] [GRAHAM-CAMPBELL 1980]:cat.65
  • Denmark
    • Unknown Provenance. Mount of similar type to the Birka find. [WILLIAMS 2014]:p.142, p.267 fig.38
  • Germany
    • Thumby-Bienebek? Possible - nothing else known by author
  • Russia
    • Gnezdovo? Possible - nothing else known by author

Discussion
Petersen considers the 17 drinking horns discovered in Norway to be of Britiah origin. Paterson suggests that the relative rarity of drinking horns in the archaeological record may be due to their fragile nature and the difficulty of detecting and excavating them rather than their actual rarity [PATERSON 2014]:p.149

Non Animal headed C11th-12th


Art

Literature
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Archaeology

Discussion


References

Arbman, Holger (1940) Birka 1 Die Graber: Tafeln. [The Graves: Plates] Birka, Kungliga Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien [ARBMAN 1940] *
Graham-Campbell, James (ed.) (1980) Viking Artefacts, A Select Catalogue. British Museum Publications [GRAHAM-CAMPBELL 1980] ^ *
Graham-Campbell, James (2013) Viking Art. [GRAHAM-CAMPBELL 2013] ^ *
MacGregor, Arthur (1985) Bone, Antler, Ivory and Horn, The Technology of Skeletal Materials since the Roman Period. Barnes & Noble Books. [MACGREGOR 1985] ^ *
Paterson, Caroline; Parsons, Adam J.; Newman, Rachel M.; Johnson, Nick and Howard Davis, Christine (2014) Shadows in the Sand. Excavation of a Viking-Age Cemetery at Cumwhitton, Cumbria. [PATERSON 2014] ^ 1 2 3 *
Petersen, Jan (1940) British Antiquities of the Viking Period, Found in Norway. Edited by Haakon Shetelig. (Available Online) Viking Antiquities in Great Britain and Ireland: Part 5 [PETERSEN 1940] *
Williams, Gareth; Pentz, Peter and Wemhoff, Matthias (2014) Vikings. Life and Legend. The British Museum. [WILLIAMS 2014] ^ *