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British Isles


[Morris 2000]



Isle of Man

Near Neighbours


A number of buckets have been found. As well as those listed on this page we are aware of:
Small Bucket C9th - Co. Antrim, Carnmoney Hill [Comey 2010]:p.8
Small turned bucket - Co. Clare, Derreen. Found inside the Derren bucket [Comey 2010]:p.8

Old Denmark

13 metal covered buckets have been found.

Hedeby Harbour and Settlement

Besides one complete stave constructed bucket (21.8cm high, 27cm diameter) and one complete tub, 259 individual staves, handle staves and "Daubenpassstuecke" (the final, usually smaller stave, used to complete the vessel) were found. These staves would have been from buckets, barrels, tubs and shallow bowls, though most were open topped as only one stave, of 107 with a complete length, had two grooves for a bottom and a lid and was from a small barrel 54cm high. Most of them were made from imported pine and were probably made form the large (2.5m x 0.8m diam.) barrels (as seen on the Bayeux Tapestry), which were also used to line 29 of the town's wells. Oak (65, 29%) and yew (28, 13%) were also used. The staves varied in length from 8.4-88cm, with most falling between 10-30cm, the width ranging 1.7-19.5cm with most between 3-7cm. The thickness ranges from 4-27mm, with most being between 10-15mm. Most buckets were cylindrical with two handle staves opposite each other with holes in the top to take a rope or iron handle. The bottoms ranged in diameter from 10.8-55.8cm with most ranging from 10-30cm. Most bottoms were constructed from Oak (86, 75%) and were made from 2 or 3 planks dowelled together. 63 wooden hoops for fastening around the vessels were found. Most were pine (26, 31%) and yew (23, 27%) but also ash, hazel, willow, alder, fir and maple. Most (41) are semi-circular split branches, but there are also round, oval and square examples. The preserved lengths range from 6.4cm-95.3cm, and the width from 6mm-3.7cm with most between 1-2cm, the thicknesses are between 3-13mm. The ends that overlap eachother had small cuts and then were wrapped with willow bast(3), bark (2) or leather (1). Others (16) were fastened with small nails. [Westphal 2006]:p. 37-44


North West Germany

Northern France

Restricted Countries



Metal covered buckets were found in 11 graves. On most of the buckets the iron sheets are between 4-6cm wide the iron hoops ~1cm wide. [Arwidsson 1984]:p. 237-241

North East Germany (Slavic)

Southern Germany

Northern Italy

Southern France


Arwidsson, Greta (ed.) (1984) Birka II:1 Systematische Analysen der Graberfunde. [Systematic Analysis of the Graves Findings] Birka, Kungliga Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien: II:1 [Arwidsson 1984] ^ *
Comey, Martin G. (2010) Coopers and Coopering in Viking Age Dublin.. Medieval Dublin Excavations 1962-81: Ser.B Vol.10 [Comey 2010] ^ 1 2 *
Morris, Carole (2000) Wood and Woodworking in Anglo-Scandinavian and Medieval York. York Archaeological Trust: 17/13 [Morris 2000] ^ *
Westphal, Florian. (2006) Die Holzfunde von Haithabu. Hedeby-Ausgrabungen in Haithabu [Westphal 2006] ^ *