Brooches - Viking Paired Styles
|Brooches - Viking Paired Styles|
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Oval brooches [V/F]
Usually worn in pairs. The most common theory for their use was to hold up the Hangerock, a distinctive Scandinavian woman's style of dress.
Viking Age Oval brooches are larger than their Vendel precursors with typical sizes shown in the following table by Martin Rundkvist. [RUNDKVIST 2010]:p.155
Berdal. L 57–113mm
P25. L 96–103mm
P27. L 98–113mm
P37. L 96–110mm
- "Each woman wears on either breast a box of iron, silver, copper or gold; the value of the box indicates the wealth of the husband. Each box has a ring from which depends a knife". Ibn Fadlan's Account of the Rus.
Petersen considered the P25 brooch to be the earliest type of Viking period oval brooch. [PETERSEN 1928]:p.24
P37 - Gripping Beast Style [V/F]
Includes Petersen types P35, P36, P38, P39
- All Viking Area’s: 500 copies Graham-Campbell quoting 'Paulsen 1933'[GRAHAM-CAMPBELL 1980]:p.27
- Norway: 235 copies from 217 finds [PETERSEN 1928]??
P37 is the most common type found at Birka. (OWEN & DALLAND 1999, p.68). Accounts for 3 out of every 5 brooches from Norway and half of those found from the east. [EWING 2007]:p.60
Images: V2C 101a, 101b, 101c, 101d
P51 - Late Oseberg Style - Double Shelled [V/F]
Date: Early C10th
- All Viking Area’s: 1000 copies
- Norway: 469 copies from 310 finds
Most common form of brooch.
Images: VAC 118
P52/55 - Baroque Style [V/F]
Date: C10th. An eastern style that is rarely found in the west.
P52 are open work with a double shell. P55 are cheaper copies cast in one piece.
Very common in the east, 25% of finds. Not usually found in the west. [EWING 2007]:p.60
- P52 Open – VAC 119, VAC 120, VAC 121
- P55 Solid -
P57 - Jellinge Style [V/F]
Gotland brooches [V/F]
[ROESDAHL & WILSON 1992]:p.254 cat.104