Gloves & Mittens
|Gloves & Mittens|
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A glove where all of the fingers are in a single section.
- Hand-scio – a mitten [OWEN-CROCKER 2004]:p.340
- Waltharilied, 10th Century German Saga (current version written down in the 15th C). The Hero Walter (Walthari) loses his right hand in a fight against Hagen von Trjone (The same as in the Niebelungen Saga). During the evening drinking a Frank suggests to Walter that he could kill a deer and make himself a glove (whether with fingers or a mitten is unclear) from the skin, and if stuffed with wool could be used to make men believe it was a real hand (this suggests it would have been a fingered glove). [SCHEFFEL 1886]:chapter 24
- Leather and fur Mittens
- Oberflacht, Germany 7th Century. A pair of leather gloves/mittens (Handschuhe) was found in Grave 17. It is described as a "strange pair of leather gloves, with strong pleats on the back, and lined with a soft, almost disolved, cloth." [DÜRRICH & MENZEL 1847]
- Woven Mittens
- Scotland, Shetland, Jarlshof?. Woven mitten (described as a glove) discovered by peat cutting. [OLIVER 2012]:p.184
- Norway, Southern. woven mitten dating to c.800AD. Found in retreating glacial melt 2006-2011AD. (NRK 21/3/2013)
- Frisia, Netherlands
- Akranes Mitten or Garðar Mitten, found in 1881 on the peninsula Akranes, north of Reykjavik.It is a left mitten made from woven, red-brown cloth, 28cm long and 11cm wide with a gore to extend it out over the wrist and an inset thumb. Believed to be from the 10th Century [LEHMANN-FILHÉS 1896]:p.29-30
- Heynes Mittens found in 1960. A pair of child mittens connected by a braided band. They are made from a coarse vadmal cloth and pre-date the 12th Century, most likely dating to the 10th Century. [GUÐJÓNSSON 1962] The original text is in Iclandic, I have used the summary on this page for the information: http://www.medieval-baltic.us/vikmitten.html
- Naalbound Mittens
For a discussion regarding nalebinding see Socks.
A nålbundna mitten from Asle, Västergötland in Sweden found in the 1930s was up until 2002 dated to 1000 - 1200AD. Following a C14 test it has now been re-dated to 1510-1640 (SHM Online Jan 2003).
A leather or cloth covering for the hand with separate sections for each finger
No clear depictions in Anglo-Saxon art [OWEN-CROCKER 2004]:p.265
- Glof – a glove [OWEN-CROCKER 2004]:p.340
- Byrhtnoth’s obits, England, late C10th [OWEN-CROCKER 2004]:p.265 Byrhtnoth, Ealdorman of Essex, bequeathed - ‘binisque cyrothecis artificiose compositis’ – a pair of skilfully made gloves.
Owen-Crocker points out that in Anglo-Saxon hunting images men appear to carry birds of prey on their bare arms and that the warriors in the Bayeux Tapestry also have bare hands. She comments “Not for the first time, we must question whether art is trueful’. [OWEN-CROCKER 2004]:p.265